Chris Bowen


Full Name:


Prof. Christopher Rhys Bowen 

ERC Advanced Investigator








Prof Bowen acknowledges funding from the European Research Council under the European Union's Seventh Framework Programme (FP/2007-2013) / ERC GrantAgreement no. 320963 on Novel Energy Materials, Engineering Science and Integrated Systems (NEMESIS).


The aim of NEMESIS is to create new piezoelectric and ferroelectric energy harvesting systems capable of converting mechanical vibrations into electrical energy, thermal fluctuations into electrical energy, sunlight into chemical and electrical energy, and vibrations into chemical energy.


Google Scholar: Link




+44 1225 383660


+44 1225 386098

E-mail Address:





Materials Research Centre
Department of Mechanical Engineering
University of Bath
United Kingdom
Research interests:
·         Energy harvesting materials
·         Sensor and actuator materials
·         Multifunctional ceramics and composites
·         Structural and functional ceramics
·         Nanoporous and nanostructured materials
·         Embedded actuators and sensors
·         GaN based sensors (MORGaN FP7 project)
·         Conductive ceramic sensors (MesMesh FP7 project)
·         Photo-catalysis (PCATDES FP7 project)
·         Networks and dielectric properties
·         ERC Grant Agreement no. 320963 on Novel Energy Materials, Engineering Science and Integrated Systems (NEMESIS).
Researcher ID: B-3087-2008   Google Scholar: Link
1.     Electromechanical Properties in Composites Based on Ferroelectrics, Vitaly Yu Topolov and Christopher R. Bowen, 2009, XVI, 202 p. 48 illus., Hardcover ISBN: 978-1-84800-999-8
2.     Progress in porous piezoceramics (Chapter 7), R Ramesh, H Kara, R Stevens and CR Bowen - Developments in Ceramic Materials Research, 2008 Published by Nova  Publishers, 2008 ISBN 1600217702, 9781600217708
3.     Piezoceramic Materials and Devices  (Chapter 2) HIGH PERFORMANCE OF ADVANCED COMPOSITES BASED ON RELAXOR-FERROELECTRIC SINGLE CRYSTALS, pp.71-112 (V. Yu. Topolov, C. R. Bowen, S. V. Glushanin): Nova publishers, 2010. ISBN: 978-1-60876-459-4
Journal Publications (contact me if you want a paper):



  1. Q.Jiang, C. J. Lewins, D. W. E. Allsopp, C. R. Bowen, W. N. Wang, Investigation of strain-relaxation characteristics of nitrides grown on Si(110) by metalorganic chemical vapor deposition using X-ray diffraction, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 52 08JB24 (2013)


  1. D.K. Sangiah, A.R. Plummer, C. R. Bowen, P. Guerrier, A novel piezohydraulic aerospace servovalve. Part 1: design and modelling, Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part I: Journal of Systems and Control Engineering 227 371-389 (2013) ;


  1. E.D. Le Boulbar,  M.J. Edwards, S. Vittoz, G. Vanko, K. Brinkfeldt, L. Rufer, P. Johander, T. Lalinský, C.R. Bowen, D.W.E. Allsopp, Effect of bias conditions on pressure sensors based on AlGaN/GaN High Electron Mobility Transistor, Sensors and Actuators A: Physical, 194 247–251 (2013) ;


  1. I. Benzeval, C. R. Bowen, R. H. Guy, M. Begoña Delgado-Charro, Effects of Iontophoresis, Hydration, and permeation enhancers on human nail plate: Infrared and impedance spectroscopy assessment, Pharmaceutical Research 30 1652-1662 (2013) ;


  1. Q. Jiang, C.J. Lewins, D. W. E. Allsopp, C. R. Bowen et al., Enhanced Photoluminescence from InGaN/GaN Quantum Wells on A GaN/Si(111) Template with Extended Three-Dimensional GaN Growth on Low-Temperature AlN Interlayer, Japanese Journal of Applied Physics 52 061002 (2013) ;


  1. D. N. Betts, H. A. Kim, C. R. Bowen and D. J. Inman, “Optimal configurations of bistable piezo-composites for energy harvesting” Applied  Physics  Letters 100, 114104 (2012);


  1. D. Regonini, A. Satka, A. Jaroenworaluck, D.W.E. Allsopp, C.R. Bowen, R. Stevens,  Factors influencing surface morphology of anodized TiO2 nanotubes, Electrochimica Acta, 74 244–253 (2012) ;


  1. D. N. Betts, H. A. Kim, C. R. Bowen, Optimization of Stiffness Characteristics for the Design of Bistable Composite Laminates, AIAA Journal,  50 2211-2218 (2012) ;


  1. G. Hubbard, M.E Nasir, P. Shields, C. R. Bowen, D.Allsopp et al. Angle dependent optical properties of polymer films with a biomimetic anti-reflecting surface replicated from cylindrical and tapered nanoporous alumina, Nanotechnology 23(15) 155302 (2012)   Cover Page Article


  1. D. Regonini, V. Adamaki, C.R. Bowen, S.R. Pennock, J. Taylor, A.C.E. Dent, AC electrical properties of TiO2 and Magnéli phases, TinO2n – 1, Solid State Ionics, 229 38–44 (2012) ;


  1. V. Yu. Topolov, A. V. Krivoruchko, C. R. Bowen, Anisotropy of electromechanical properties and hydrostatic response of advanced 2–2-type composites, physica status solidi (a), 209 1334–1342  (2012) ;


  1. R.A. Webster, F. Xiu, C. R. Bowen, F. Marken et al., Voltammetric probing of pH at carbon nanofiber-Nafion (TM)-carbon nanofiber membrane electrode assemblies, Electrochimica Acta, 62 97-102 (2012)  


  1. A.H.D. Graham, S.M. Surguy, P. Langlois, C.R.Bowen, J.Taylor et al. Modification of standard CMOS technology for cell-based biosensors, Biosensors & Bioelectronics, 31(1) 458-462 (2012)


  1. M. J. Edwards, E. D. Le Boulbar, S. Vittoz, G. Vanko, K. Brinkfeldt, L. Rufer, P. Johander, T. Lalinský, C. R. Bowen, D. W. E. Allsopp, Pressure and temperature dependence of GaN/AlGaN high electron mobility transistor based sensors on a sapphire membrane, physica status solidi (c), 9 960–963, (2012)


  1. Q. Jiang,  M. J. Edwards, P. A. Shields, D.W. E. Allsopp1, C. R. Bowen, W.N. Wang, L. Tóth, B. Pécz, R. Srnanek, A. Satka, J. Kovac, Growth of crack-free GaN epitaxial thin films on composite Si(111)/polycrystalline diamond substrates by MOVPE, physica status solidi (c), 9 650–653 (2012)


  1. V. Yu. Topolov, C. R. Bowen, S.E. Filippov, High performance of novel 1–3-type composites based on ferroelectric PZT-Type ceramics, Ferroelectrics 430 92-97 (2012)


  1. V. Yu. Topolov, C. R. Bowen, S.E. Filippov,  A. A. Vorontsov, Novel high-sensitivity composites based on ferroelectric ceramics, Integrated Ferroelectrics 133 91-95 (2012)


  1. R. W. C. Lewis, C. R. Bowen, V. YU Topolov, D. W. E. Allsopp, Role of single-crystal pillars in forming the effective properties and figures of merit of novel 1–3 piezocomposites, Integrated Ferroelectrics 133 103-108 (2012)


  1. M.-L. Hicks, J. Tabeart, M. J. Edwards, E. D. Le Boulbar, D. W. E. Allsopp, C. R. Bowen, A. C. E. Dent, High temperature measurement of elastic moduli of (0001) gallium nitride, Integrated Ferroelectrics 133 17-24 (2012)


  1. T. H. Panzera, A. L. Christoforo, J. C. Campos Rubio, C. R. Bowen, P. H. Ribeiro Borges, L. J. Silva, Evaluation of compacted cementitious composites for porous Bearings, International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology  10 474–483 (2013)


  1. C. Bowen, Making a mark, Materials World 20 20-21 (2012)


  1. D. N. Betts, H. A. Kim, and C. R. Bowen, Preliminary Study of Optimum Piezoelectric Cross-Ply Composites for Energy Harvesting, Smart Materials Research, Article ID 621364 (2012)


  1. F.P. Cota, T.H. Panzera, M.A. Schiavon, A.L. Christoforo, P. H. R. Borges, C. Bowen, F. Scarpa, Full factorial design analysis of carbon nanotube polymer-cement composites, Materials Research 15 573-580 (2012)


  1. C.R. Bowen, D.N. Betts, P.F. Giddings, A.Salo, H.A.Kim A Study of Bistable Laminates of Generic Lay-Up for Adaptive Structures, Strain,  48(3) 235-240 (2012)    


  1.  R. W. C. Lewis, D. W. E. Allsopp,P. Shields, A. Šatka, S. Yu, V. Yu. Topolov, C. R. Bowen, Nano-Imprinting of Highly Ordered NanoPillars of Lithium Niobate (LiNbO3), Ferroelectrics, 429 62-68 (2012)


  1. D.N. Betts David, H.A. Kim H., C.R. Bowen, Modeling and optimization of bistable composite laminates for piezoelectric actuation, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures, 22(18) 2181-2191 (2011)  pdf file


  1. A.H.D. Graham, C.R.Bowen, S.M Surguy, New prototype assembly methods for biosensor integrated circuits, Medical Engineering & Physics 33(8) 973-979 2011 973-979 pdf file


  1. D. Regonini D, A.C.E. Dent, C.R. Bowen et al., Impedance spectroscopy analysis of Ti(n)O(2n-1) Magneli phases, Materials Letters, 65(23-24) 3590-3592  (2011) pdf file


  1. C.R, Bowen, P.F. Giddings, A.I.T.Salo, H.A.Kim, Modeling and Characterization of Piezoelectrically Actuated Bistable Composites, IEEE Transactions Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control 58(9) 1737-1750 (2011)  pdf file


  1. R.W.C.Lewis, A.C.E.Dent, R.Stevens, C.R.Bowen, Microstructural modelling of the polarization and properties of porous ferroelectrics, Smart Materials and Structures, 20(8) 085002 (2011)  pdf file


  1. V.Yu Topolov, C.R. Bowen, P.Bisegna, Electromechanical Coupling Factors of Novel 0-3-0 Composites Based on PMN-xPT Single Crystals, Ferroelectrics, 422 40-43 (2011) DOI: 10.1080/00150193.2011.594719  pdf file


  1. M. Gerard M, C.R. Bowen, F. Osman, Processing and Properties of PTFE-FEP-PTFE Ferroelectret Films, Ferroelectrics, 42 59-64 (2011)   pdf file


  1. D.T. Branson, F.C. Wang, D.N. Johnston, P.Keogh, C.R.Bowen et al., Piezoelectrically actuated hydraulic valve design for high bandwidth and flow performance, Proc. IMechE Part I – Journal of Systems and Control Engineering, 225(13) 345-359  (2011) pdf file


  1. V.Y. Topolov, C.R.  Bowen, Inconsistencies of the complete sets of electromechanical constants of relaxor-ferroelectric single crystals, Journal of Applied Physics, 109(9)  094107 (2011)  pdf file


  1. A.H.D. Graham, J. Robbins, C.R. Bowen et al., Commercialisation of CMOS Integrated Circuit Technology in Multi-Electrode Arrays for Neuroscience and Cell-Based Biosensors, Sensors 11(5) 4943-4971 (2011) pdf file


  1. P.F. Giddings, H.A. Kim, A.I.T Salo, C.R.Bowen, Modelling of piezoelectrically actuated bistable composites, Materials Letters, 65(9) 1261-1263 (2011)  DOI: 10.1016/j.matlet.2011.01.015   pdf file


  1. M.J. Edwards, C.R. Bowen, D.W.E Allsopp et al., Modelling wafer bow in silicon-polycrystalline CVD diamond substrates for GaN-based devices, J. Phys. D – App. Phys. 43(38) 385502 (2011)  pdf file


  1. F. Clemens, T, Comyn, J. Heiber, C.R.Bowen et al., . Processing and electromechanical properties of lanthanum-doped Pb(Zr,Ti)O(3) extruded piezoelectric fibres, Journal of Materials Science, 46(13), 4517-4523 (2011) pdf file


  1. D.T. Branson, D.N. Johnston, D.G. Tilley, C.R.Bowen, P.Keogh, Piezoelectric Actuation in a High Bandwidth Valve, Ferroelectrics 408, 32-40 (2010) DOI: 10.1080/00150193.2010.484994  pdf file


  1. T.H.Panzera, P.H.R. Borges, J.C.Rbio, C.R.Bowen et al., The dielectric response of compacted cementitious composites, Advances in Cement Research, 22(3) 127-134 (2010) 


  1. A.H.D.Graham, C.R.Bowen, J.Robbins and J.T.Taylor, Nanostructured electrodes for biocompatible CMOS integrated circuits, Sensors and Actuators B- Chemical 147(2) 697-706 (2010) pdf file


  1. V.Yu Topolov, A.V. Krivoruchko, C.R.Bowen et al., Hydrostatic Piezoelectric Coefficients of the 2-2 Composite Based on [011]-poled 0.71Pb(Mg(1/3)Nb(2/3))O(3)-0.29PbTiO(3) Single Crystal, Ferroelectrics, 400, 410-416  (2010)   pdf file


  1. H.A. Kim HA, D.N.Betts, A.I.T.Salo and C.R.Bowen,  Shape memory alloy-piezoelectric active structures for reversible actuation of bistable composites, AIAA Journal  48(6) 1265-1268  (2010) pdf file


  1. C.W.Liu, P.A.Shields, .Q.Chen, et al. Variations in mechanisms of selective area growth of GaN on nano-patterned substrates by MOVPE, Phys. Stat. Solidi. C, 7 (1) 32-35 (2010)  pdf file


  1. F.R. Baxter, C.R. Bowen CR, I.G. Turner IG, Electrically active bioceramics: A review of interfacial responses, Annal. Biomed. Eng. 36(6) 2079-2092, 2010 pdf file


  1. P. F.Giddings, C.R. Bowen CR, A.I.T. Salo and H.A.Kim, Bistable composite laminates: Effects of laminate composition on cured shape and response to thermal load, Composite Structures, 92(9) 2220-2225 (2010) pdf file


  1. S.Y. Hao, J.T. Taylor, C.R. Bowen, S. Gheduzzi, A.W. Miles, Sensing methodology for in vivo stability evaluation of total hip and knee arthroplasty, Sensors and Actuators A – Physical, 157(1) 150-160 (2010)  pdf file


  1. D.Kumar, J.P.Gittings, I.G.Turner, C.R.Bowen,  A. Bastida-Hidalgo, S.H.Cartmell, Polarization of hydroxyapatite: Influence on osteoblast cell proliferation, Acta Biomaterialia, 6(4) 1549-1554 (2010)  pdf file


  1. D. Regonini, A. Jaroenworaluck, R. Stevens, C.R.Bowen,  Effect of heat treatment on the properties and structure of TiO2 nanotubes: phase composition and chemical composition, Surface and Interface Analysis, 42 (3), 139-144  (2010)    pdf file


  1. M.E. Nasir, D.W.E. Allsopp, C.R. Bowen et al., The fabrication of mono-domain highly ordered nanoporous alumina on a wafer scale by a guided electric field, Nanotechnology, 21(10) 105303 (2010) pdf file


  1. D.N. Betts, A.I.T.Salo, C.R. Bowen and H.A.Kim, Characterisation and modelling of the cured shapes of arbitrary layup bistable composite laminates, Composite Structures, 92(7) 1694-1700 (2010) pdf file


  1. A.Jaroenworaluck, D. Regonini, C.R.Bowen, R. Stevens, A microscopy study of the effect of heat treatment on the structure and properties of anodised TiO2 nanotubes, Applied Surface Science, 256(9), 2672-2679  (2010) pdf file


  1. J.P. Gittings, C.R.Bowen. A.C.E.Dent, I.G.Turner, F.R.Baxter, S.Cartmell and J.Chaudhuri, Influence of Porosity on Polarisation and Electrical Properties of Hydroxyapatite Based Ceramics, Ferroelectrics, 390, 168-176 (2009) pdf file


  1. V.Y. Topolov, C.R.Bowen and S.V. Glushanin, A.E. Panich. Electromechanical Coupling in the Novel 2-2 Parallel-Connected PMN-0.33PT Single-Domain Crystal/Polymer Composite, Ferroelectrics, 393, 27-37 (2009)  pdf file


  1. R.W.C. Lewis, C.R.Bowen, A.C.E.Dent, K.Jonas, Finite Element and Experimental Analysis of the Vibration Response of Radially Poled Piezoceramic Cylinders, Ferroelectrics, 389, 95-106 (2009)   pdf file


  1. A.H.D. Graham, C.R.Bowen, J.Taylor, J.Robbins, Neuronal cell biocompatibility and adhesion to modified CMOS electrodes, Biomedical Microdevices, 11, 1091-1101 (2009)   pdf file


  1. D. Regonini, A. Satka A, D.W.E. Allsopp, A. Jaroenworaluck, R. Stevens, C.R.Bowen, Anodised titania nanotubes prepared in a glycerol/NaF electrolyte, Journal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, 9, 4410-4416 (2009) pdf file


  1. P.Richardson, D.P.Almond and C.R.Bowen, A Study of Random Capacitor Networks to Assess the Emergent Properties of Dielectric Composites, Ferroelectrics, 391,158-167 (2009)   pdf file


  1. Vitaly Y. Topolov, S.V. Glushanin, C.R. Bowen, A.E. Panich, "Remarkable Electromechanical Coupling in the 2-2 Composite Based on Single-domain PMN-0.33PT Crystal”,  Sensors & Transducers Journal (ISSN 1726-5479), Vol.109, Issue 10,  October 2009, pp.108-116 pdf file


  1. F.R. Baxter, I.G. Turner, C.R. Bowen, J.P. Gittings, J.B. Chaudhuri, An in vitro study of electrically active hydroxyapatite-barium titanate ceramics using Saos-2 cells, Journal of Materials Science – Materials in Medicine, 20, 1697-1708 (2009) pdf file


  1. G. Hubbard, S.J. Abbott, Q. Chen Q, D.W.E. Allsopp, W.N. Wang, C.R. Bowen CR, R. Stevens et al., Wafer-scale transfer of nanoimprinted patterns into silicon substrates, Physica E- Low Dimensional Systems & Nanostructures, 41, 1118-1121(2009)  pdf file


  1. T.H. Panzera, P.H.R. Borges, J.C., C.R.Bowen,  W.L. Vasconcelos, Physical properties of cement composites designed for aerostatic bearings, Materials and Structures, 42(5), 605-615 (2009) pdf file


  1. A.Macchetta , I.G. Turner, I.G. and C.R. Bowen, Fabrication of HA/TCP scaffolds with a graded and porous structure using a camphene-based freeze-casting method, Acta Biomaterialia, 5, 1319-1327 (2009)  pdf file


  1. A.H.D. Graham, C.R. Bowen, J. Robbins, J. Taylor, Formation of a porous alumina electrode as a low-cost CMOS neuronal interface, Sensors and Actuators B: Chemical, 138, 296-303 (2009) pdf file    


  1. J.P. Gittings, C.R. Bowen CR, A.C.E. Dent et al., Electrical characterization of hydroxyapatite-based bioceramics, Acta Biomaterialia, 5, 743-754 (2009)  pdf file 


  1. K. Ramam, A.J. Bell, C.R. Bowen, K. Chandramouli, Investigation of dielectric and piezoelectric properties of niobium-modified PLSZFT nanoceramics for sensor and actuator applications, Journal of Alloys and Compounds 473, 330-335 (2009)  pdf file 


  1. V.Y.Topolov, A.V. Krivoruchko, P.Bisegna and C.R.Bowen, Orientation effects in 1-3 composites based on 0.93Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-0.07PbTiO3 single crystals, Ferroelectrics,  376, 336-348 (2008) pdf file  


  1. A.C.E.Dent, C.R.Bowen, R.Stevens. M.G.Cain and M.Stewart, Tensile strength of active fibre composites - Prediction and measurement, Ferroelectrics, 368   447-453 (2008) pdf file  


  1. C.R.Bowen, A.C.E. Dent and T.Comyn, Modelling Power Law Dependencies of Frequency Dependent AC Conductivity and Permittivity of Conductor-Relaxor Composites. Ferroelectrics, 370, 166 (2008) pdf file     


  1. C. R. Bowen, L. R. Bradley, D. P. Almond, P.D. Wilcox, Flexible piezoelectric transducer for ultrasonic inspection of non-planar components, Ultrasonics, 48, 367-375 (2008) pdf file


  1. A. Jaroenworaluck, D. Regonini, C.R. Bowen et al.  Nucleation and early growth of anodized TiO2 film, Journal of Materials Research, 23, 2116-2124  (2008)   pdf file  


  1. J.K. Kar, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, Processing and characterisation of various mixed oxide and perovskite-based pigments for high temperature ceramic colouring application, Journal of Alloys and Compounds, 461, 77-84 (2008)  pdf file


  1. J.K. Kar, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, Rare-earth cuprates for ceramic colouring application—An investigation, Journal of Alloys and Compounds,  455, 121-129 (2008) pdf file


  1. P.Giddings, C.R.Bowen, H.Kim and R.Butler, Characterisation of actuation properties of piezoelectric bi-stable carbon-fibre laminates, Composites Part A, 39 697-703 (2008) pdf file


  1. V Yu Topolov and C.R.Bowen, Characteristics of 1-3-type ferroelectric ceramic / auxetic polymer composites, Modelling Simul. Mater. Sci. Eng. 16 015007 (2008) pdf file   http://doi:10.1088/0965-0393/16/1/015007


  1. T. H. Panzera, J. C. Rubio, C. R. Bowen, W. L. Vasconcelos,  K. Strecker, Correlation between structure and pulse velocity of cementitious composites, Advances in Cement Research 20, 101-108 (2008)


  1. R. Gabbrielli, I. G. Turner and C. R. Bowen, Development of Modelling Methods for Materials to be Used as Bone Substitutes, Key Eng. Mat.  361-363, 903-906 (2008)  pdf file


  1. F.R. Baxter, I.G. Turner, C.R. Bowen, J. P. Gittings, J.B. Chaudhuri and R.W.C. Lewis, The Structure and Properties of Electroceramics for Bone Graft Substitution, Key Eng. Mat. 361-363, 99-102, (2008) pdf file


  1. T.H. Panzera, J.C. Rubio, C.R. Bowen, and P.J. Walker, Microstructural design of materials for aerostatic bearings, Cement and Concrete Composites, 30, 649-660 (2008)    pdf file


  1. L.R. Bradley, C.R. Bowen, B. McEnaney and D.C. Johnson, Shear properties of a carbon/carbon composite with non-woven felt and continuous fibre reinforcement layers, Carbon 45 2178–2187 (2007) pdf file


  1. R. W. C. Lewis, A. C. Dent and C. R. Bowen, Network Modelling of 3-3 Piezocomposite Materials, Ferroelectrics, 351, 216–224  (2007) pdf file


  1. V. Yu. Topolov,, A.V. Krivoruchko and C.R. Bowen, Maxima of Effective Parameters of Novel Piezo-Composites Based on Relaxor-Ferroelectric Single Crystals, Ferroelectrics, 351, 145-152 (2007)  pdf file


  1. A.Jaroenworaluck, D. Regonini , C. R. Bowen, R. Stevens and D. Allsopp, Macro, micro and nanostructure of TiO2 anodised films prepared in a fluorine-containing electrolyte, Journal of Materials Science, 42(16) 6729-6734 (2007) pdf file


  1. S.A.Wilson, , R.P. Jourdain, Q. Zhang, , R.A.Dorey, C.R. Bowen et al., New materials for micro-scale sensors and actuators. An engineering review, Materials Science and Engineering R: Reports 56(1-6) 1-129 (2007) email for copy []


  1. J.K. Kar, R. Stevens and C.R. Bowen, Effect of cerium oxide on colour hue of praseodymium-zircon yellow pigment, Advances in Applied Ceramics, 106 (4), 175-179  (2007)


  1. D. Regonini, C.R. Bowen, R. Stevens, D. Allsopp, D., A. Jaroenworaluck,  Anodised TiO2 nano-tubes: Voltage ramp influence on the nano-structured oxide and investigation of phase changes promoted by thermal treatments, Physica Status Solidi (A), 204 (6) 1814-1819.0 (2007) pdf file


  1. J.P.Gittings, C.R. Bowen, I.G.Turner, F.Baxter, J. Chaudhuri, Characterisation of ferroelectric-calcium phosphate composites and ceramics, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 27 (13-15)  4187-4190 (2007) pdf file  


  1. A.C.Dent, C.R.Bowen, R.Stevens, M.G.Cain, M. Stewart,  Effective elastic properties for unpoled barium titanate, Journal of the European Ceramic Society, 27 (13-15) 3739-3743 (2007) pdf file


  1. C.R.Bowen and V.Yu Topolov, Piezoelectric activity and sensitivity of novel composites based on barium titanate-hydroxyapatite composite ceramics, Key Eng. Mat., Vol. 334-335 (2007) 1113-1116 pdf file


  1. C.R.Bowen, A.I.T.Salo, R.Butler, E.Chang and H.A.Kim, Bi-stable composites with piezoelectric actuators for shape change, Key Eng. Mat.,Vol. 334-335 (2007) 1109-1112 pdf file


  1. C. R. Bowen, R. Butler, R. Jervis, H. A. Kim, and A. I. T. Salo, Morphing and Shape Control using Unsymmetrical Composites, Journal of Intelligent Material Systems and Structures 18 89-98 (2007) pdf file


  1. C R Bowen, A C Dent, L J Nelson, R Stevens, M G Cain, and M Stewart, Failure and volume fraction dependent mechanical properties of composite sensors and actuators. Proc. IMechE Vol. Part C: J. Mechanical Engineering Science, 220(C11), 1655-1664 (2006) pdf file


  1. C.R.Bowen, L.J. Nelson, L.J., R.Stevens, M.G. Cain, M. Stewart, M., Optimisation of interdigitated electrodes for piezoelectric actuators and active fibre composites, Journal of Electroceramics, 16(4), 263-269, 2006 pdf file


  1. C. R. Bowen, J. Gittings, I. G. Turner, F. Baxter, and J. B. Chaudhuri, Dielectric and piezoelectric properties of hydroxyapatite-BaTiO3 composites, Applied Physics Letters 89, 132906, 2006 pdf file  (also published in Virtual Journal of Biological Physics Research -- 2006, Volume 12, Issue 7)


  1. S.Panteny, C.R.Bowen and R.Stevens, Characterisation of barium titanate-silver composites, part I: Microstructure and mechanical properties, Journal of Materials Science, 41, 3837-3843, 2006 pdf file


  1. S.Panteny, C.R.Bowen and R.Stevens, Characterisation of barium titanate-silver composites part II: Electrical properties, Journal of Materials Science, 41, 3845-3851, 2006 pdf file


  1. C.R. Bowen and D. P. Almond, Modelling the ‘universal’ dielectric response in heterogeneous materials using microstructural electrical networks, Materials Science and Technology 22, 719-724, 2006 pdf file


  1. C.R. Bowen, R. Stevens, L. J. Nelson, A. C. Dent, G. Dolman, B. Su, T.W. Button, M.G. Cain and M. Stewart, Manufacture and characterization of high  activity piezoelectric fibres, Smart Materials and Structures, 15 295–301, 2006 pdf file   


  1. S.V.Bezus, V.Yu. Topolov and C.R.Bowen. High-performance 1-3-type composites based on (1 -x)Pb({A1/3}Nb2/3)O3 – xPbTiO3 single crystals (A = Mg,Zn), J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 1919-1925, 2006 pdf file


  1. D P Almond, C.R.Bowen and D.A.S.Rees, Composite dielectrics and conductors: simulation, characterisation and design, J. Phys. D: Appl. Phys. 39, 1295-1304, 2006  pdf file


  1. R. Ramesh, H. Kara and C. R. Bowen, Finite element modelling of dense and porous piezoceramic disc hydrophones, Ultrasonics, 43, 173-181, 2005 pdf file


  1. A.C.Dent, L.J.Nelson, C.R.Bowen, R.Stevens, M.Cain and M.Stewart, Characterisation and properties of fine scale PZT fibres, J. Euro. Ceram. Soc., 25. 2387-2391, 2005 pdf file


  1. S.Panteny, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, The frequency dependent permittivity and ac conductivity of random electrical networks, Ferroelectrics, 319, 425-434, 2005 pdf file


  1. L.Burianova, C.R.Bowen, M.Prokopova and M.Sulc, Laser interferometric displacement measurements of multi-layer actuators and PZT ceramics, Ferroelectrics, 319, 425-434, 2005 pdf file


  1. J.K.Kar, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, Processing and characterisation of Pr-zircon pigment powder, Advances in Applied Ceramics, 104, 233-238, 2005 pdf file


  1. V.Yu.Topolov, S.V.Glushanin and C.R.Bowen, Piezoelectric response of porous ceramic and composite materials based on Pb(Zr,Ti)O3: experiment and modelling, Advances in Applied Ceramics,  104, 300-305, 2005 pdf file


  1. C.R.Bowen, A.Perry, A.C.F.Lewis and H.Kara, “Processing and properties of porous piezoelectric materials with high hydrostatic figures of merit”, J. Euro. Ceram. Soc., 2004, 24, 541-545 pdf file


  1. D.P.Almond and C.R.Bowen, “Anomalous power law dispersions in ac conductivity and permittivity shown to be characteristic of microstructural electrical networks”, Phys. Rev. Lett., 92, 15 157601-(1-4), 2004   pdf file


  1. C.Bowen, ”Shaping the future of sports equipment”, Materials World, 12, 24-26, 2004 pdf file


  1. Nelson LJ, Bowen CR, Stevens R, Cain M, Stewart M,  “Evaluation of high field responses of fine scale piezoelectric fibres”, Integrated Ferroelectrics, 63, 553-559,2004 pdf file


111.  S.Panteny, R.Stevens, C.R.Bowen, “Characterisation and modelling of barium titanate-silver composites”, Integrated Ferroelectrics, 63, 643-647, 2004 pdf file


112.  V.Y.Topolov and C.R.Bowen, “High piezoelectric sensitivity composites based on ferroelectric ceramics”, Integrated Ferroelectrics, 63, 683-689, 2004 pdf file


113.  H. Kara, R.Ramesh, R.Stevens, N.Jayasundere, V.Humphrey, C.R.Bowen, “Hydrophone arrays assembled from PZT ceramic foams”, Integrated Ferroelectric, 63, 713-718, 2004 pdf file


114.  R.Ramesh, H.Kara and C.R.Bowen, “Characteristics of piezoceramic and 3-3 piezocomposite hydrophones evaluated by finite element modelling”, Computational Materials Science, 30, 397-403, 2004 pdf file


115.  Pritchard J, Ramesh R, Bowen CR, Time-temperature profiles of multi-layer actuators, Sensors and Actuators  A– Physical, 115 (1): 140-145, 2004 pdf file


116.  Kar JK, Stevens R, Bowen CR, Novel terbium-zircon yellow pigment, Journal of Materials Science, 39(18). 5755-5763, 2004 pdf file


117.  C.R.Bowen, A.Perry and H.Kara, “Review of 3-3 piezoelectric composites”, Recent. Res. Devel. Mat. Sci., 2003, 4, 631-646 ISBN 81-271-0022-6


118.  D.Deegan, C.Chapman and C. Bowen ,  “The production of shaped glass-ceramic materials from inorganic waste precursors using controlled atmospheric DC plasma vitrification and crystallisation”, High Temperature Material Processes, 7 (3): 367-372 2003 ISSN:1093-3611 word file


119.  H. Kara, R. Ramesh, R. Stevens, and C. R. Bowen, “Porous PZT ceramics for receiving transducers”, IEEE Trans, Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics and Frequency Control, 2003, 50, 189-196 pdf file


120.  C.R.Bowen and V.Yu. Topolov, “Piezoelectric sensitivity of PbTiO3-based ceramic/polymer composites with 0-3 and 3-3 connectivity, Acta Materialia, 2003, 51, 4965-4976  pdf file


121.  H.Kara, A.Perry, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen “Interpenetrating PZT/polymer composites for hydrophones”, Ferroelectrics, 2002, 265, 317-332


122.     J.Pritchard and C.R.Bowen, ”Characterisation of multi layer actuators”, Ferroelectrics, 2002, 273, 255-260 pdf file


123.     R.Ramesh, H.Kara and C.R.Bowen, “The dielectric, mechanical and piezoelectric properties of 3-3 piezoelectric composites”, 2002, Ferroelectrics, 273, 2761-2766 pdf file


124.   A.Perry, C.R.Bowen, SMahon and H.Kara,“PZT-polymer composites for hydrophones: Production and modelling”, Key. Eng. Mat., Vols, 206-213, 1505-1508, , ISSN 0113-9826, 2002 pdf file


125.   C.R.Bowen and H.Kara, “Pore anisotropy in 3-3 piezoelectric composites”, Materials Chemistry and Physics, 2002, 75, 45-49 pdf file


126.   H.Kara, A.Perry, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, “Modelling 3-3 composites for hydrophones”, British Ceramic Transactions, 2002, 101, 139-142 word file


127.   L.Nelson and C.R.Bowen “Determination of the piezoelectric properties of fine scale PZT fibres”, Key. Eng. Mat. Vols. 206-213, 1509-1512, ISSN 0113-9826, 2002 pdf file


128.   S.Panteny, C.R.Bowen and R.Stevens,“Investigation into the processing and characterisation of piezoelectric nanocomposites”, Key. Eng. Mat., Vols. 206-213, 1313-1316, ISSN 0113-9826, 2002 pdf file


129.   C.R.Bowen, A.Perry, R.Stevens and S.Mahon, “Analytical and Numerical Modelling of 3-3 Piezoelectric Composites”, Integrated Ferroelectrics, 2001, 32, 333-342 word file


130.   C.R.Bowen, A.Perry, Kara and S.Mahon, “Analytical modelling of 3-3 piezoelectric composites”, J. Euro. Ceram. Soc., 2001,21, 1463-1467 pdf file


131.   J.Pritchard, C.R.Bowen and F.Lowrie, "Multilayer actuators:review", British Ceramic Transactions, 2001, 100, 265-273 pdf file


132.   Y.B.Lee, H.C.Park, K.D.Oh, C.R.Bowen, R.Stevens, “Self-propagating high-temperature synthesis of ZrB2 in the system ZrO2-B2O3-Fe2O3-Al”, J. Mat. Sci. Lett. 2000, 19, 469-471 pdf file


133.   C.R.Bowen, S.Mahon and M. Lopez Prieto, “Non destructive evaluation of multi-layer actuators”, Ferroelectrics, 2000, 241, 1843-1850  pdf file


134.   C.R.Bowen, M. Lopez Prieto, “Impedance spectroscopy of piezoelectric actuators”, Scripta Materialia, 2000, 42, 813-818 pdf file 


135.   C.R.Bowen, J.Open, S.Mahon and J.Fitzmaurice, “Fast firing of electroceramics”, Ferroelectrics 1999, 228, 159-166 pdf file


136.   C.R.Bowen, A.W.Tavernor and R.Stevens, “Microstructural design of sensor materials using the core-shell concept”, J. Euro. Ceram. Soc., 1999, 19, 149-154 pdf file


137.   A.Perry, C.R.Bowen and S.Mahon, “Modelling of 3-3 piezocomposites”, Scripta Materialia, 1999, 41, 1001-1007 pdf file


138.   C.R.Bowen, A.Bowles, S.Drake, N.Johnson and S.Mahon, “Fabrication and finite element modelling of interdigitated electrodes”, Ferroelectrics, 1999, 228, 257-269  pdf file


139.   A.Perry, S.Mahon and C.R.Bowen, “Modelling of 3-3 piezocomposites”, Brit. Ceram. Proc., 1999, 60, 503-504 word file


140.   C.R.Bowen, R.Singh, G.Gill and S. Lawson, “Impedance spectroscopy of CuO doped Y-TZP”, J. Mat. Sci., 1998, 33, 5103-5110 pdf file


141.   P.Birkin, C.Delaplace and C.R.Bowen, “Photographic and electrochemical detection of cavitation phenomena within a variable frequency acoustic field”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 1998, 102, 10885-10893 pdf file


142.   C.R.Bowen and B.Derby,“Self-propagating high temperature synthesis of ceramic materials”, Brit. Ceram. Trans., 1997, 96, 25-31 pdf file


143.   C.R.Bowen and R.Stevens, “Design of microstructures using the core-shell concept”, Brit. Ceram. Proc., 1996, 55, 23-30 pdf file


144.   C.R.Bowen and B.Derby, “The formation of TiC/Al2O3 microstructures by a self-propagating high-temperature synthesis reaction”, J. Mat. Sci., 1996, 31, 3791-3803 pdf file


145.   D.Holz, S.Pagel, C.Bowen, S.Wu and N.Claussen, “Fabrication of low-to-zero shrinkage reaction-bonded mullite composites”, J.Euro. Ceram. Soc., 1996, 16, 255-260 pdf file


146.   C.R.Bowen and B.Derby,“Finite-difference modelling of self-propagating high-temperature syntheses of materials”, Acta metall. mater., 1995, 43, 3903-3913 pdf file


147.   C.R.Bowen and B.Derby, “Differential thermal analysis of ignition temperatures in a self-propagating high-temperature reaction”, J.Therm. Anal., 1994, 42, 713-719 pdf file


148.   C.R.Bowen and B.Derby, “Modelling of self-propagating high-temperature synthesis reactions”, Brit. Ceram. Proc.,1993, 50, 29-38 pdf file



Selected conference papers:


  1. R.W.C. Lewis, A.J. Merrick, A.C.E. Dent, C.R.Bowen et al.,The Influence of Mechanical Stress on Piezoceramic Tubes, IEEE International Symposium on the Applications of Ferroelectrics (ISAF), Edinburgh, AUG 09-12, 2010, 2010 IEEE INTERNATIONAL SYMPOSIUM ON THE APPLICATIONS OF FERROELECTRICS (ISAF), 2010


  1. P.F. Giddings, C.R. Bowen, H.A. Kim, Characterisation of force-deflection behaviour of piezoelectrically actuated bistable composite laminate under two-axis constraint, 3rd International Conference on Smart Materials, Structures and Systems, Acireale, ITALY Date: JUN 08-13, 2008 Book Series: Advances in Science and Technology   Volume: 56   Pages: 380-385   Published: 2009


  1. C.R. Bowen, K.S. Raman, V.Yu Topolov, Piezoelectric composites based on hydroxyapatite/barium titanate  3rd International Conference on Smart Materials, Structures and Systems, Acireale, ITALY Date: JUN 08-13, 2008, SMART MATERIALS & MICRO/NANOSYSTEMS  Book Series: Advances in Science and Technology   Volume: 54   Pages: 1-6   Published: 2009


  1. S.Y. Hao, J. Taylor, A.W. Miles, C.R.Bowen An Implantable Electronic System for in-vivo Stability Evaluation of Prosthesis in Total Hip and Knee Arthroplasty , 26th IEEE International Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference, MAY 05-07, 2009 Singapore, SINGAPORE, I2MTC: 2009 IEEE INSTRUMENTATION & MEASUREMENT TECHNOLOGY CONFERENCE, VOLS 1-3  Book Series: IEEE Instrumentation and Measurement Technology Conference  167-172  (2009)


  1. D.T. Branson, F.C. Wang FC, D.N. Johnston DN, D.G. Tilley, C. R. Bowen and P.S.Keogh, Modeling for a high-bandwidth high-flow valve design based on Horbinger plate operation,  ASME Fluids Engineering Division Summer Conference, AUG 10-14, 2008 Jacksonville, FL, PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME FLUIDS ENGINEERING DIVISION SUMMER CONFERENCE -2008, VOL 1, PT A AND B Pages: 967-972, 2009


  1. D.T. Branson, F.C.Wang FC, C.R. Bowen, P.S. Keogh PS Dynamic simulation model of a hydraulic valve utilizing the harbinger plate principle and piezoactuation to achieve high bandwidth and flow performance, ASME International Mechanical Engineering Congress and Exposition, Oct 03-Nov 06, 2008 Boston, MA, IMECE 2008: PROCEEDINGS OF THE ASME INTERNATIONAL MECHANICAL ENGINEERING CONGRESS AND EXPOSITION, VOL 5   Pages: 125-132   Published: 2009


  1. P.F. Giddings, C.R. Bowen, H.A.Kim, Characterisation of force-deflection behaviour of piezoelectrically actuated bistable composite laminate under two-axis constraint, 3rd International Conference on Smart Materials, Structures and Systems, JUN 08-13, 2008 Acireale ITALY, EMBODING INTELLIGENCE IN STRUCTURES AND INTEGRATED SYSTEMS  Volume: 56   Pages: 380-385   Published: 2009


  1. C.R.Bowen, K.S.Raman, V.Y.Topolov,  Piezoelectric composites based on hydroxyapatite/barium titanate, 3rd International Conference on Smart Materials, Structures and Systems, JUN 08-13, 2008 Acireale ITALY, SMART MATERIALS & MICRO/NANOSYSTEMS   Volume: 54   Pages: 1-6   Published: 2009


  1. A.K. Bullock, D.G.Tilley, D.N. Johnston, P.Keogh et al. Non-linear friction in reciprocating hydraulic rod seals: simulation and measurement, 7th International Conference on Modern Practice in Stress and Vibration Analysis, INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MODERN PRACTICE IN STRESS AND VIBRATION ANALYSIS, Journal of Physics Conference Series   181, 012009 (2009)  DOI: 10.1088/1742-6596/181/1/012009  


  1. S. Phani, R. Butler, S.Habgood,  C. R. Bowen, Analysis of Wing Morphing via Frame Buckling, 49th AIAA/ASME/ASCE/AHS/ASC Structures, Structural Dynamics, and Materials Conference, 7 - 10 April 2008, Schaumburg, AIAA 2008-1792 first page   pdf file


  1. S.Y.Hao, J. Taylor J, A.W. Miles and C.R. Bowen CR, An Implantable System for the in vivo Measurement of Hip and Knee Migration and Micromotion International Conference on Signals and Electronic Systems (ICSES 2008), SEP 14-17, 2008 Cracow, POLAND, ICSES 2008 INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SIGNALS AND ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS, CONFERENCE PROCEEDINGS   Pages: 445-448   Published: 2008


  1. J.P. Gittings, C.R. Bowen CR, A.C.E. Dent et al., Dielectric properties of  hydroxyapatite based ceramics, 4M2008: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Multi-Material Micro Manufacture, Whittles Publishing, ed. S.Dimov, page 157-160, (2008) ISBN 978-1904445-76-0


  1. S. Hao, J. Taylor,  A.W. Miles, C.R. Bowen, C.R.,  An implantable system for the in vivo measurement of hip and knee migration and micromotion   2008 ICSES'08 - ICSES 2008 International Conference on Signals and Electronic Systems, Proceedings, art. no. 4673462, pp. 445-448 


  1. C.R.Bowen, D.W.E.Allsopp, R.Stevens, P.Shields and W.N.Wang, “Modelling and design of GaN based piezoelectric MEMS”, Proceedings 4M 2006 - SECOND INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MULTI-MATERIAL MICRO MANUFACTURE, Edited by W.Menz, B.Fillon and S. Dimov, 20-22 Sept. 2006, Grenoble, France, pp 179-182, 2006 ISBN: 0-08-045263-0


  1. C.R.Bowen, A.C.Dent, R.Stevens, M.Cain and M.Stewart “Determination of critical and minimum volume fraction for composite sensors and actuators”, Proceedings 4M 2005 - FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MULTI-MATERIAL MICRO MANUFACTURE, Edited by Stefan Dimov, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK and W. Menz, Germany, Elsevier, pp 483-487, 2005 ISBN: 0-08-044879-8 pdf file


  1. D.Regonini, C.R.Bowen, D.Allsopp and R.Stevens, “Nano-porous structures prepared by electrochemical anodisation of aluminium”, Proceedings 4M 2005 - FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON MULTI-MATERIAL MICRO MANUFACTURE, Edited by Stefan Dimov, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK and W. Menz, Germany, Elsevier, pp 135-138. 2005 ISBN: 0-08-044879-8 pdf file


  1. L.J.Nelson, C.R.Bowen, R.Stevens, M.Cain, M.Stewart, "Modelling and measurement of piezoelectric fibres and interdigitated electrodes for the optimisation of piezofibre composites" Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Active Materials: Behaviour and Mechanics (ed. D.C.Lagoudas), Proceedings of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 5053 556-567, 2003, Smart Structures and Materials 2003 Conference, Sand Diego, California, 2-6 March, 2003 pdf file


  1. L.J.Nelson, C.R.Bowen, R.Stevens, M.Cain, M.Stewart, "High field behaviour of piezoelectric fibre composites", Smart Structures and Materials 2003: Active Materials: Behaviour and Mechanics (ed. D.C.Lagoudas), Proceedings of the Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE) 5053,544-555, 2003, Smart Structures and Materials 2003 Conference, Sand Diego, California, 2-6 March, 2003 pdf file 


  1. H. Kara, R.Ramesh, R.Stevens, C.R.Bowen, N.Jayasundere and V.Humphrey, “Testing of hydrophone arrays from PZT ceramic foams”, J.Conf. Abs., 2003, 8, 174 ISSN 1362-0886


  1. L.J.Nelson, C.R.Bowen,R.Stevens, M.Cain and M.Stewart, “High field response of fine scale piezoelectric fibres”, J.Conf. Abs., 2003, 8, 241 ISSN 1362-0886


  1. S.Panteny, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, “Characterisation and modelling of barium titanate-silver composites”, J.Conf. Abs., 2003, 8, 253 ISSN 1362-0886


  1. V.Yu.Topolov and C.R.Bowen, “High piezoelectric sensitivity of composites based of ferroelectric ceramics: A.Review”, J.Conf. Abs., 2003, 8, 334 ISSN 1362-0886


  1. H.Kara, A.Perry and C.R.Bowen, “Modelling of 3-3 piezocomposites for hydrophones”, Ferroelectrics UK 2001, Maney publishing, London, ISBN 1-902653-70-X, pp 71-78, 2002


  1. R.Ramesh, H.Kara and C.R.Bowen, “Development of piezocomposite hydrophones”, Proceedings of ICONS 2002, International Conference on SONAR, Sensors and Systems, p 727-732,  11-13 December 2002, Cochin, India, Allied Publishers;2002, Eds. H.R.S Sastry, D.D.Ebenezer and T.V.S.Sundaram,


  1. C.R.Bowen, A.Perry, R.Stevens and S.Mahon, “Materials parameter determining the performance of 3-3 piezocomposites”, V.Stefan (Editor in Chief), Ferroelectrics Vol. 1, ISSN 1543-4028, 3-22, 2002


  1. H.Kara, A.Perry, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, “3-3 piezocomposites: a comparison between the models and experiments”, Ceramics Engineering & Science Proceedings, 2001, 22(No.4), 543-554 ISSN 0196-6219


  1. A.Perry, C.R.Bowen, H.Kara and S.Mahon, “Modelling 3-3 Piezocomposites”, Electrical Engineering Analysis & Design V, WIT Press 2001, 67-76, ISBN 1-85312-866-X


  1. S.Panteny and C.R.Bowen, “Piezoelectric Nanocomposites”, Ferroelectrics 2000 UK, p75-82, IOM Communications, Eds. N.Alford and E.Yateman, ISBN 1-86125-135-1


  1. A.Perry, R.Stevens and C.R.Bowen, ”Modelling 3-3 Piezocomposites”, Ferroelectrics 2000 UK, p67-74, IOM Communications, Eds. N.Alford and E.Yateman, ISBN 1-86125-135-1


  1. C.R.Bowen, R.Stevens, A.Perry and S.Mahon, “Optimisation of materials and microstructure in 3-3 piezocomposites”, Design for Excellence, Engineering Design Conference 2000, 361-370, ISBN 1 86058 259 1


  1. C.R.Bowen, H-P.S.Li and R.Stevens, “Microstructural design using the core-shell concept”, Fourth Euro Ceramics Proceedings, Vol. 3, 493-500 (1996), Edited by S.Merlani and V.Sergo


  1. N.Claussen, C.R.Bowen, D.Holz and S.Wu, “Combination of transformation and nanotoughening in mullite composites”, 5th International Symposium on Ceramic Materials and Components, 1995, Ch. 186, pp352-353


  1. C.R.Bowen, S.Wu and N.Claussen, “Zero-shrinkage ceramics”, Proceedings of the 8th CIMTEC Ceramics Congress, Advances in Science & Technology 1995 Vol 3C pp 1839-1850 ISBN 8886538022


  1. C.R.Bowen, S.Hullsman and B.Derby, “Preliminary studies on the manufacture of multiphase ceramics by self-propagating high-temperature synthesis”, Proceedings of the 2nd European Ceramics Society, edited G.Ziegler and H.Hausner, 1991, p 631 (Deutsche Keramische Gesellschaft, Köln, Germany) word file


  1. T.J.Mays, B.McEnaney, C.R.Bowen and M.Mahamud-Lopez, “Fractal analyses of graphite fracture surfaces”, Proceedings of the 20Th Conference on Carbon, June 23-28, 1991, University of California, Santa Barbara, U.S.A., Electrochemical Soc. Inc., p580-581, 1991 word file





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